Cristal has been a major supplier to the titanium metals market since 1966. Cristal services this industry by supplying the titanium chemicals that are used in the manufacture of titanium sponge. Titanium sponge is formed when titanium tetrachloride is passed in a gaseous phase over molten magnesium or sodium. The products formed from this highly exothermic reaction are titanium sponge and molten magnesium chloride or sodium chloride. Once the titanium sponge is formed, the manufacturers use a variety of techniques to purify the sponge and transform it into ingots and mill products.
The largest consumers of titanium metal are the aerospace industry where the new wide-body aircraft generations use a high titanium metal content in combination with carbon composites in order to reduce weight and fuel consumption. Titanium metal is also widely used in the chemical processing industry as well as for the manufacture of electronic parts, sports equipment, and for use in architectural applications.
Whereas the cornerstone of the titanium metal market has always been the aerospace market, the applications and the subsequent demand for titanium metal are constantly increasing. Titanium manufacturers are constantly working to improve their quality and cost basis to produce high quality titanium metal. Significant effort has been undertaken in the development of low cost, high quality titanium powders. These powders will enable production of titanium and titanium alloys at a cost and quantity that could fundamentally transform commercial and military markets. Cristal is prepared to service this industry with our high purity titanium tetrachloride.